A Genomics-Based Semirational Approach for Expanding the Postbiotic Potential of Collagen Peptides Using Lactobacillaceae

Food-derived bioactive peptides (BPs) have received considerable attention as postbiotics for human gut health. Here we used a genomics-based semirational approach to expand the postbiotic potential of collagen peptides (CPs) produced from probiotic fermentation. In silico digestion revealed distinct BPs embedded in fish collagen in a protease-dependent manner. Anaerobic digestion of collagen by representative Lactobacillaceae species revealed differential substrate utilization and collagen degradation patterns. Nanoliquid chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis of CPs showed that each species exhibited different cleavage patterns and unique peptide profiles. Remarkably, the 1–10 kDa CPs produced by Lacticaseibacillus paracasei showed agonistic activities toward G protein-coupled receptor 35 (GPR35). These CPs could repair intestinal epithelium through the GPR35-mediated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) 1/2 signaling pathway, suggesting that probiotic-aided collagen hydrolysates can serve as postbiotics for host–microbe interactions. Therefore, this study provides an effective strategy for the rapid screening of CPs for gut health in the gastrointestinal tract.

CategoryPeer-reviewed PublicationsDate2022.07Linkpubs.acs.org